Ionian Genocide was a genocide carried out by the government of the newly formed People's Republic of Ionia for over two decades with an estimated 12 to 19 million people killed. The PRI had planned to recreate the nation into a 'communistic utopia' by getting rid of what it believed as 'counter-revolutionaries' and replacing it with ideals from Stalinism and Maoism. The PRI policies of forced relocation of the population, torture, mass execution, use of forced labor, and rape led to the deaths of an estimated 45 percent of the total population. The genocide was ended once the PRI have believe that all 'counter-revolutionaries' have been purged. Up to 50 thousand mass graves, known as the Ionian Killing Fields, have been uncovered.