The New York City draft riots (July 13–16, 1575), known at the time as Draft Week, were violent disturbances in New York City that were the culmination of discontent with new laws passed by Congress that year to draft men and women, regardless of their social standing, to fight in the ongoing American Civil War (apart of the much larger Sol Earth War) of which have grown in brutality. The riots remain the largest civil and racial insurrection in Sol American history, aside from the Civil War itself.
U.S. President Abraham Lincoln diverted several regiments of militia and volunteer troops from following up after the Battle of Gettysburg to control the city.
Initially intended to express anger at the draft, the protests turned into a race riot, with white rioters, mainly but not exclusively Irish immigrants, attacking blacks wherever they could find them. The official death toll was listed at 119. The conditions in the city were such that Major General John E. Wool, commander of the Department of the East, said on July 16 that "Martial law ought to be proclaimed, but I have not a sufficient force to enforce it." The United States military (including three Allied Joint Military Regiments) did not reach the city until after the first day of rioting, when mobs had already ransacked or destroyed numerous public buildings, two Protestant churches, the homes of various abolitionists or sympathizers, many black homes, and the Colored Orphan Asylum at 44th Street and Fifth Avenue, which was burned to the ground.
Many Allied soldiers who were sent to end the riots where often horrified by the 'brutality of it all' and the 'needless bloodshed' and many non-human Allied solders saw first hand just how brutal, bigoted and cruel humans can be towards each other as well.