A war crime is a serious violation of the laws and customs of war  giving rise to individual criminal responsibility. Examples of war crimes include:

  • initiating a war of aggression
  • murdering, mistreating, or deporting civilian residents of an occupied territory to slave labor camps
  • murdering or mistreating prisoners of war or civilian internees
  • forcing protected persons to serve in the forces of a hostile power
  • killing hostages
  • killing or punishing spies or other persons convicted of war crimes without a fair trial
  • wantonly destroying cities, towns, villages, or other objects not warranted by military necessity


Prominent Indictees

Heads of state and government

Other prominent indictees


War crimes are defined in the statute that established the Allied Courts, which includes:

Grave breaches of the New York Conventions, such as:

  • Willful killing, or causing great suffering or serious injury to body or health
  • Torture or inhumane treatment
  • Unlawful wanton destruction or appropriation of property
  • Forcing a prisoner of war to serve in the forces of a hostile power
  • Depriving a prisoner of war of a fair trial
  • Unlawful deportation, confinement or transfer
  • Taking hostages

The following acts as part of an international conflict:

  • Directing attacks against civilians
  • Directing attacks against humanitarian workers or UN peacekeepers
  • Killing a surrendered combatant
  • Misusing a flag of truce
  • Settlement of occupied territory
  • Deportation of inhabitants of occupied territory
  • Using poison weapons
  • Using civilians as shields
  • Using child soldiers
  • Firing upon a Combat Medic with clear insignia.

The following acts as part of a non-international conflict:

  • Murder, cruel or degrading treatment and torture
  • Directing attacks against civilians, humanitarian workers or UN peacekeepers
  • Taking hostages
  • Summary execution
  • Pillage
  • Rape, sexual slavery, forced prostitution or forced pregnancy

However the court only has jurisdiction over these crimes where they are "part of a plan or policy or as part of a large-scale commission of such crimes"


Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.